The Lunar UV Reflectance Experiment (LURE): Exploring the Far-UV Signature of Water Ice on Planetary Surfaces, 15-R9626

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Principal Investigator
Michael W. Davis

G. Randall Gladstone
Kurt D. Retherford
David C. Slater
S. Alan Stern, NASA Headquarters

Inclusive Dates:  04/01/07 – Current

Background - A key observational technique in planetary astronomy is the measurement of the spectrum of sunlight reflected from rocky surfaces. This technique is commonly referred to as reflectance spectroscopy. The composition and texture of terrains may be determined from remote distances with this method.

Laboratory measurements of the ultraviolet spectral signatures of many common minerals, ices, and returned surface samples are either few in number or do not exist. This lack of measurements limits the opportunities for both research funding using ultraviolet datasets and the variety of spacecraft ultraviolet surface studies funded by NASA. The measurements that do exist were only conducted at one reflection angle with poor wavelength sampling. The main objective of this project is to remedy this knowledge gap by conducting a laboratory study of the far ultraviolet reflectance of various mixtures of water ice (a prevalent volatile throughout the solar system) and lunar regolith simulant. 

Approach - The experiment measures the far ultraviolet reflectivity and light scattering properties (via the bidirectional reflection distribution function) of water ice and lunar simulant samples at different angles and temperatures. These measurements will take place in SwRI's ultraviolet reflectometer chamber. The reflective properties of the dry lunar simulant and water frost will be measured as a function of altitude and azimuth to characterize the 2 pi-reflectance properties of the materials. The reflectance will be measured over 5 angstrom intervals over the 1,000 to 1,800 angstrom range. These tests will be followed by measurements of mixtures of the lunar simulant and water ice.

Accomplishments - The reflectometer chamber that will be used to conduct the measurements is still under construction, so no reflection measurements have been made to date. The lunar simulants have been acquired and initial ray-trace studies of the chamber have been performed.

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