Office of Automotive Engineering
Fuels continue to evolve in response to stricter exhaust emissions regulations, the inclusion of renewable fuel components such as ethanol or biodiesel into petroleum based products and ever changing engine technologies to improve fuel efficiency. Fuel providers must continue to balance new formulations to keep up with new requirements while maintaining favorable performance in terms of:
- Combustion chamber deposits
- Octane requirement increase (ORI)
- Injector deposits
- Intake valve deposits
- Intake valve sticking
- Injector spray characterization
- Valve recession
- Low temperature startability
- Exhaust emissions
- Material compatibility
- Component wear
With more than 60 years of experience in fuels research, development, and production processes, Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is uniquely positioned to assist clients with all the issues listed above with a mixture of standardized and specialty evaluation methods. Additionally, we assist clients with complex issues involving:
- Fuel system and contamination research
- Military engine development to utilize JP-8
- Aviation fuel blends including biofuels
- Synthetic and alternative jet fuels
- Statistical analysis
In addition to conventional alternative carbon-based fuels such as ethanol, methanol, natural gas, propane (LPG), bioderived and synthetic fuels, SwRI also has a long history of developing zero-carbon fuels, including hydrogen (H2) and ammonia (NH3). Zero-carbon fuels are renewable and offer many advantages over today's carbon-based fuels.
The SwRI staff can produce, analyze, and certify conventional and alternative fuels and have established the International Alternative Fuels Technology Center (IAFTC). The Center assists clients in exploring, developing and evaluating current and future alternative fuels from source, through production, to real-world use.
For the last 55 years, the U.S. Army TARDEC Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility (TFLRF) at SwRI has provided state-of-the-art research, development and engineering services for the U.S. Army’s fuels and lubricants needs. The government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) facility provides technical support services and helps to develop and maintain the Army’s specifications for fluids used in ground equipment.
fuel • fuel evaluation • renewable fuels • alternative fuels • ethanol •bio-diesel • biofuels • fuels research • combustion chamber deposits • combustion deposits • injector deposits • natural gas • propane • LPG • zero-carbon fuel • zero carbon fuel • hydrogen • ammonia • NH3 • H2 • octane requirement increase • ORI • intake valve sticking • driveability • low temperature startability • exhaust emission effects • aviation fuel • fuel efficiency • JP-8 • synthetic • jet fuel • component wear • material compatibility • methanol • valve • recession