Archived MRF & GTI Publications
Metering Research Facility

photo of the SwRI Metering Research Facility

SwRI Metering Research Facility

General Metering Research (1988-1999):

Flow Meter Research (1989-1999):

Trade Journal Articles (1988-1999):

General MRF Program Reports

"Gas Research Institute Metering Research Facility Update," by William J. Astleford, Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., and Chuck French (GTI), 34th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 21, 1999.

"Recent Research at the Gas Research Institute Metering Research Facility," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Southern Gas Association Transmission Operating Conference, Dallas, Texas, July 19-21, 1999.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Update," by Charles E. French (GTI) and Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Proceedings of the 33nd Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 14-17, 1998.

"Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Measurement," by J. Christopher Buckingham and Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., 73rd International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Tulsa, Oklahoma, May 19-21, 1998.

"GRI Sponsored Research," by Stephen E. Foh (GRI), 73rd International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Tulsa, Oklahoma, May 19-21, 1998.

"GRI Metering Research Facility," by Ed Bowles, International Gas Research Conference, San Antonio, Texas, January 19, 1998.

"Gas Research Institute Metering Research Facility Overview," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., and William J. Astleford, SwRI/GMRC/GRI Gas Compressor Engine Workshop, San Antonio, Texas, December 8, 1997.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Update," byStephen E. Foh (GRI) and Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Proceedings of the 32nd Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 15-18, 1997.

"Gas Research Institute Metering Research Facility Overview," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., 1996 Worldwide Measurement Symposium, Galveston, Texas, November 12, 1996.

"North American Inter-Laboratory Flow Measurement Testing Program," by Umesh Karnik, Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Jan Bosio, and Steve Caldwell, presentation at North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop, Peebles, Scotland, October 28-31, 1996.

"Gas Research Institute Metering Research Facility," by William M. Burnett (GRI), Osaka Gas R&D Forum '96, Osaka, Japan, October 21-24, 1996.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Update," by John G. Gregor (GRI) and Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Proceedings of the 31st Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 16-19, 1996.

"The Gas Research Institute Metering Research Facility," by a brochure describing the facility, including specifications for the High Pressure Loop (HPL) and Low Pressure Loop (LPL), revised July 1996.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Status Report," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Transmission Measurement Committee, A.G.A. Operations Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 22, 1996.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Status Report," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Committee on Gas Fluids Measurement, 1996 API Spring Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 27, 1996.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Status Report," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Transmission Measurement Committee, A.G.A. Winter Meeting, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 7, 1996.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Update," by William J. Astleford and John G. Gregor (GRI), Proceedings of the 30th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 18-21, 1995.

"GRI Metering Research Facility, A Status Update," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Gulf Coast Measurement Society Meeting, Houston, Texas, July 18, 1995.

"GRI Metering Research Facility - A Status Report on Facility Research and Construction," by William J. Astleford, at Instrument Society of America 41st International Instrumentation Symposium, Denver, Colorado, May 7-11, 1995.

"Uncertainty Estimates for the Gravimetric Primary Flow Standards of the MRF," by Joel T. Park, Kendricks A. Behring II, and Terrence A. Grimley, presented and published, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, San Antonio, Texas, March 19-22, 1995.

"Application of Uncertainty Analysis in the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Kendricks A. Behring II, presentation at ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, November 6-11, 1994.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Update," by John G. Gregor (GRI) and William J. Astleford, Proceedings of the 29th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 19-22, 1994, p. 195.

"Progress in Gas Measurement Research," by Thomas B. Morrow and Robert J. McKee, 45th Annual SCMA/ISA Short Course & Exhibits, Long Beach, California, April 20-21, 1994.

"Metering Facility and Research Program at Southwest Research Institute," by Thomas B. Morrow, at the Chevron 3rd Oil & Natural Gas Measurement Conference, Brea, California, April 20, 1994.

"Establishment of a New Natural Gas Metering Research Facility for Improving Flow Measurement Accuracy Under Field Conditions," by John G. Gregor and Renny S. Norman (GRI), James E. Johnson, and Cecil R. Sparks, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Flow Measurement, FLOMEKO '93, Seoul, Korea, October 26-29, 1993.

"Modifications to Data Acquisition System for Low Pressure Loop," by Joel T. Park, SwRI Report No. MRF-DA-01, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No.5086-271-2197, October 1993.

"GRI Sponsored Flow Measurement Research," by John G. Gregor (GRI) and Carl H. Griffis, 68th International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, May 25-27, 1993.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Update," by John G. Gregor (GRI), James E. Johnson, and Cecil R. Sparks, A.G.A. Distribution/Transmission Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 16-19, 1993.

"Instrumentation and Control System for the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., presentations at the 1992 Fall Joint Workshop of the Automation and Telecommunication Committee and the Transmission Measurement Committee of the American Gas Association, Reno, Nevada, September 23, 1992.

"The Latest in Flow Research - Flow Calibration Laboratories," by James E. Johnson, ISA Houston Area Pipeline Subsection Meeting, Houston, Texas, April 8, 1992.

"The GRI Metering Research Facility and Research Program for the Gas Industry," by Robert J. McKee, Southern California Measurement Association and ISA Short Course, Los Angeles, California, May 15, 1992.

"The Gas Research Institute's Metering Research Program at Southwest Research Institute," by James E. Johnson, Corpus Christi Area Measurement Society Meeting, Corpus Christi, Texas, March 10, 1992.

"Metering Research Facility Design," by James E. Johnson, Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., J. Christopher Buckingham, J. Pete Harrell, Robert J. McKee, and Cecil R. Sparks, topical report (July 1987-Dec. 1990) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-1/0251, March 1992.

"The Gas Research Institute Metering Research Facility Program at Southwest Research Institute," by Robert L. Bass, Gulf Coast Measurement Society Meeting, Houston, Texas, November 14, 1991.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Update," by Robert J. McKee and Cecil R. Sparks, Proceedings of the 26th Gulf Coast Measurement Short Course, Houston, Texas, September 16-19, 1991, pp. 56-65.

"New Developments in Gas Measurements from the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Robert J. McKee, at the Western Gas Measurement Short Course, San Diego, California, May 21-23, 1991.

"A Metering Research Facility for the Natural Gas Industry," by Robert L. Bass and John G. Gregor (GRI), Proceedings of the ISA Edmonton 1991 Spring Symposium, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Part III, April 29-May 3, 1991, pp. 1-22.

"A Progress Report on the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the Appalachian Gas Measurement Short Course, Robert Morris College, Coraopolis, Pennsylvania, pp. 49-56, August 1990; and Proceedings of the 25th Gulf Coast Measurement Short Course, Houston, Texas, September 1990, pp. 59-68.

"Primary Calibration of Gas Flow with a Weight/Time Method," by Ralph E. Harris and James E. Johnson, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, June 1990, pp. 347-358.

"A Progress Report on the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Robert J. McKee, International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, May 21, 1990.

"Program Update on the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Robert L. Bass and Kiran M. Kothari (GRI), A.G.A. Transmission/Distribution Conference, Los Angeles, California, May 7-9, 1990.

"Metering Research Facility Low Pressure Loop - Phase 1C," by Robert J. McKee, Cecil R. Sparks, Robert L. Bass, Carl E. Edlund, Joel T. Park, Ralph E. Harris, and Philip J. Krueger, final report (May 1987-June 1989) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-89/0202, December 1989.

"Primary Mass Flow Calibration for a Reciprocating Gas Flow Loop," by James E. Johnson, Ralph E. Harris, and Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the 5th International IMEKO-Conference on Flow Measurement FLOMEKO, Harbrink, B., and Spencer, E.A. (eds.), Duesseldorf, Germany, October 1989, pp. 23-29.

"An Update on the GRI Metering Research Facility at Southwest Research Institute," by Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the 24th Gulf Coast Measurement Short Course, September 1989, pp. 52-59.

"A Progress Report on the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the 64th International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Norman, Oklahoma, May 1989, pp. 537-543.

"U.S. Metering Research Facility Set for Operation," by Cecil R. Sparks and Robert L. Bass, Oil and Gas Journal, December 12, 1988.

"News Release: GRI/SwRI Metering Research Facility," by Cecil R. Sparks, Oil and Gas Journal, December 1, 1988.

"Metering Research Program Requirements–Phase IA," by Cecil R. Sparks, Robert L. Bass, James E. Johnson, Robert J. McKee, Thomas B. Morrow, and Robert H. Pish, final report (Feb. 1987-April 1988) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-8/0128, June 1988.

"Status Report on the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Cecil R. Sparks and Robert J. McKee, A.G.A. Transmission/Distribution Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, May 17, 1988.

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Distribution Research

"Metering Research Facility Program: Siemens Compact Gas Meter Performance and Compatibility Tests," by Kendricks A. Behring II and Robert J. McKee, topical report (March 1995-July 1996) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0445, GRI Contract No. 5095-270-3066, December 1996.

"ANSI Standards and Research, An Update with Suggestions," by Robert J. McKee, presentation for DPAG, Chicago, Illinois, July 25, 1995.

"Testing of Compact Meters: A Gas Research Institute Program," by Robert J. McKee, presentation for DPAG, Chicago, Illinois, July 25, 1995.

"Elevated Pressure Performance of Diaphragm Meters - An MRF Program," by Kendricks A. Behring II, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, San Antonio, Texas, March 19-22, 1995.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Elevated Pressure Effects on Diaphragm Meters," by Kendricks A. Behring II and Robert J. McKee, topical report (April 1993-April 1994) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI 94/0466, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, September 1994.

"Performance Evaluation of Japanese Compact Fluidic Meters," by Robert J. McKee and Kendricks A. Behring II, topical report (Sept. 1991-July 1992) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-93/0449, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, November 1993.

"GRI Distribution Measurement Research Update," by Carl H. Griffis and Kendricks A. Behring II, A.G.A. Distribution/Transmission Conference, Orlando, Florida, May 16-19, 1993.

"Summary of Gas Metering Research Priorities for the Gas Distribution Industry," by John G. Gregor (GRI), Robert L. Bass, and Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the A.G.A. Operating Section Distribution/Transmission Conference, Nashville, Tennessee, April 28-May 1, 1991.

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Field Meter Proving Research

"In Situ (On-Site) Gas Meter Proving," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., 74th International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Tulsa, Oklahoma, May 25-27, 1999.

"Review of Field Meter Provers," by Joel T. Park, Kendricks A. Behring II, and Philip J. Krueger, topical report (October 1993-September 1994) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-95/0209, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-21997, December 1995.

"Review of Field Meter Provers for Large Gas Flow Rates," by Joel T. Park and Kendricks A. Behring II, presented and published, Proceedings of the A.G.A. 1995 Operations Conference and Exhibition, Las Vegas, Nevada, May 7-10, 1995.

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Inter-Lab Testing Publications

"North American Inter-Laboratory Flow Measurement Testing Program," by Umesh Karnik (NOVA), Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., Jan Bosio (Statoil/Kärstø), and Steve Caldwell (CEESI), North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop, Peebles, Scotland, October 28-31, 1996.

"Inter-Comparison of Flow Measurement Laboratories: Preliminary Plans for a Round Robin Test," by James E. Johnson, SwRI Report No. MRF-RR-01, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, June 1992.

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Natural Gas Sampling Publications

"The Critical Details of Good Gas Sampling Technique," by Eric Kelner, presentation at 34th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 22, 1999.

"Metering Research Program: Natural Gas Sample Collection and Handling-Phase I," by Kendricks A. Behring II and Eric Kelner, topical report (Jan. 1997-April 1999) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-99/0194, Contract No. 5097-270-3937, August 1999.

"API Chapter 14.1 Gas Sampling Research Project: The Critical Details of Good Gas Sampling Technique," by Eric Kelner, Institute of Gas Technology '99 Odorization and Gas Quality Conference, Chicago, Illinois, July 26-28, 1999.

"Gas Sampling Research Project Status and Review," by Eric Kelner, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Dallas, Texas, July 22-23, 1999.

"The Critical Details of Good Gas Sampling Technique," by Eric Kelner, International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Tulsa, Oklahoma, May 25-27, 1999.

"Gas Sampling Methods, and the Fundamental Causes of Gas Sample Distortion – API 14.1 Research," by Kendricks A. Behring, II, and Eric Kelner, Class 282, 74th International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Tulsa, Oklahoma, May 25-27, 1999.

"The Critical Details of Good Gas Sampling Technique," by Eric Kelner, presentation at 1999 A.G.A. Operations Conference, Cleveland, Ohio, May 17, 1999.

"Lessons Learned from the API 14.1 Gas Sampling Research Project," by Kendricks A. Behring II, Proceedings of the 33nd Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 14-17, 1998.

"Gas Sampling Research Progress & Plans," by Kendricks A. Behring II, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Nashville, Tennessee, October 12, 1998.

"Update on the GRI/API Chapter 14.1 Gas Sampling Research Project," by Kendricks A. Behring II, 73rd International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, Tulsa, Oklahoma, May 19-21, 1998.

"Quantification of Uncertainty Associated with Gas Sampling Equipment and Techniques, and the Impact on Flow Rate and Heating Value Measurement," by Kendricks A. Behring II and Stephen E. Foh (GRI), A.G.A. 1998 Operations Conference, Seattle, Washington, May 17-19, 1998.

"Gas Sampling Research Progress & Plans," by Kendricks A. Behring II, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Albuquerque, New Mexico, March 2, 1998.

"Interim Research Results for Collecting and Handling Natural Gas Samples," by Kendricks A. Behring II, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-98/0034, Contract No. 5097-270-3937, April 1998.

"Gas Sampling Research Progress & Plans," by Ken Behring, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, San Diego, California, October 13, 1997.

"Gas Sampling Research Progress & Plans," by Ken Behring, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, San Antonio, Texas, June 19, 1997.

"Gas Sampling Research Progress & Plans," by Ken Behring, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Dallas, Texas, March 24, 1997.

"Gas Sampling Research Status & Plans," by Ken Behring, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Austin, Texas, October 9, 1996.

"Gas Sampling Research Status & Plans," by Ken Behring, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Houston, Texas, August 14, 1996.

"Testing of Gas Sampling Methods for Industry Applications," by Kendricks A. Behring II and Robert J. McKee, 1996 A.G.A. Operations Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 19-22, 1996.

"Project Status and Direction," by Kendricks A. Behring II, API COGFM Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Tucson, Arizona, March 25, 1996.

"GRI/API Gas Sampling Research: Sampling Methods Test Facility Design and GC Analysis Uncertainty," by Robert J. McKee, API Ch. 14.1 Gas Sampling Working Group, Denver, Colorado, October 23, 1995.

"GRI/API Gas Sampling Research," by Robert J. McKee, A.G.A. Chemical & Analytical Services Committee, Chicago, Illinois, September 12, 1995.

"Gas Sampling Research Plan," by Robert J. McKee and Kendricks A. Behring II, API Gas Sampling Working Group, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 27, 1995.

"Gas Sampling Research Proposed Program," by Kendricks A. Behring II and Robert J. McKee, API Gas Sampling Working Group, Houston, Texas, December 1, 1994.

"Draft Research Outline," by Kendricks A. Behring II, COGM Chapter 14.1 (Natural Gas Sampling) Working Group, Tulsa, Oklahoma, May 19, 1994.

"Recommended Topics and Approach for Laboratory Screening Tests," by Ken Behring, COGM Chapter 14.1 (Natural Gas Sampling) Working Group, San Antonio, Texas, March 21, 1994.

"Preliminary Study Results and an Approach to the Evaluation of Natural Gas Sampling and Handling," by Ken Behring, COGM Chapter 14.1 (Natural Gas Sampling) Working Group, Tulsa, Oklahoma, February 1-2, 1994.

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Related Research Topics

"Accurate Measurement of Natural Gas Consumption: The Economic Impact on Power Generation Operations," by William J. Astleford and Steven R. Johnson (Texaco Cogeneration Operations), Paper No. 97055, 32nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, International Energy Technology, Honolulu, Hawaii, July 27-August 1, 1997.

"Pulsation Reduction," by Robert J. McKee and Larry E. Blodgett, Proceedings of the 30th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 18-21, 1995.

"PMI TruTherm Q Energy Flow Measurement Performance: Interim Results - 900 psi," by Kendricks A. Behring II, SwRI Report No. MRF-PMI-1, SwRI Project No. 04-6226, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197/Mod. 8, June 1995.

"A.G.A. Report No. 8 - 1992 and Its Importance," by Kendricks A. Behring II, CCAMS 4th Annual "Hands On School," Corpus Christi, Texas, November 2-3, 1994.

"Pulsation Reduction by Acoustic Filters for Metering Applications," by Robert J. McKee and Larry E. Blodgett, Proceedings of the 29th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 19-22, 1994, p. 265.

"A Drive for Better Measurement of Natural Gas Flow," by Robert L. Bass, SwRI Technology Today, March 1992, pp. 2-13.

"Gas Pipeline Measurement and Control–A Technology Projection for the 1990's," by Robert L. Bass and Cecil R. Sparks, Petroleum Management, June 1, 1990, pp. 17-20.

"Recent Developments in Gas Metering," by Robert L. Bass and Cecil R. Sparks, Gas Gathering and Processing Workshop, Norman, Oklahoma, March 9, 1989.

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Electronic Flow Measurement Publications

"API Chapter 21 Flow Measurement Using Electronic Metering Systems: A New Gas Measurement Standard," by Robert J. McKee, CCAMS 45th Annual "Hands On School," Corpus Christi, Texas, November 2-3, 1994.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Investigation of Transient Flow Effects on Electronic Flow Measurement - Task 1," by Robert J. McKee, topical report (March 1992-August 1993) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-93/0291, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, August 1993.

"Transient Considerations for Flow Measurement at Gas Production Facilities," by Robert J. McKee, SPE Production Operation Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, April 8-9, 1991.

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Energy Measurement Publications

"Energy Flow Measurement Technology, and the Promise of Reduced Operating Costs," by T. B. Morrow and K. A. Behring, II, 4th International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, Denver, Colorado, June 28-30, 1999.

"Determining Measurement Uncertainty in Natural Gas Energy Value from Fundamental Sources," by E. B. Bowles, T. B. Morrow, and K. A. Behring II, presentation at 1999 A.G.A. Operations Conference, Cleveland, Ohio, May 17, 1999.

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Orifice Gas Flow Meter Publications

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Compact Orifice Meter Station Development," by T.B. Morrow and E.Kelner, topical report to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-99/0204, GRI Contract No. 5097-270-3937, December 1999.

"Effect of Meter Tube Roughness on Orifice Cd," by Thomas B. Morrow and Gerald L. Morrison (Texas A&M), Fourth Inernational Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, Denver, Colorado, June 28-30, 1999.

"Compact Orifice Meter Station Project," by Eric Kelner and Thomas B. Morrow, Fourth Inernational Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, Denver, Colorado, June 28-30, 1999.

"Effects of Swirl and Velocity Profile Asymmetry on Flow Conditioner Performance for Orifice Meters," by T.B. Morrow and K.A. Behring II, FLOMEKO '98, Lund, Sweden, June 15-17, 1998.

"Effects of Oil on Orifice Plates in Gas Flow Measurement," by Thomas B. Morrow, Proceedings of FEDSM 1998 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Washington, D.C., June 21-25, 1998.

"Orifice Meter installation Effects: Effect of Variable Spacer Length Between Two 90° Ells Out-of-Plane," by T. B. Morrow and E. Kelner, American Gas Association 1998 Operations Conference, Seattle, Washington, May 17-19, 1998.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Numerical Simulation of Upstream Pipe Effects Upon Orifice Flow Meters," by Gerald L. Morrison (Texas A&M University), technical memorandum (July 1997-Dec. 1997) to Gas Research Institute, under subcontract to Southwest Research Institute, Report No. GRI-98/0071, GRI Contract No. 5097-270-3937, March 1998.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Effect of Variable Spacer Length Between Two 90° Ells Out-of-Plane," by Thomas B. Morrow, technical memorandum (July 1997-Dec. 1997) to Gas Morrow, technical memorandum (Oct. 1996-Feb. 1997) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-97/0083, GRI Contract No. 5095-271-3363, June 1997.

"Effects of Flow Conditioner on Orifice Meter Installation Errors," by Thomas B. Morrow, 1997 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting (FEDSM '97), Vancouver, Canada, June 22-26,1997.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Research Update for A' = 29D Meter Tubes," by T.B. Morrow, presented at A.G.A. Operating Section Operations Conference, Nashville, Tennessee, May 18-21, 1997.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Effects of Thin Films of Liquid Coating Orifice Plate Surfaces on Orifice Flowmeter Performance," by William R. Johansen (Colorado Engineering Experiment Station, Inc.), technical memorandum (Oct. 1995-Aug. 1996) to Gas Research Institute under subcontract to Southwest Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0375, GRI Contract No. 5095-271-3363, December 1996.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Ten-Inch Sliding Flow Conditioner Tests," by Thomas B. Morrow, technical memorandum (Jan. 1996-June 1996), to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0391, GRI Contract No. 5095-271-3363, November 1996.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects Research," by Thomas B. Morrow, API COGFM Chapter 14.3, Part 2, Orifice Meter Working Group Meeting, Houston, Texas, August 13, 1996.

"Velocity Profile Measurements under Field Conditions for Identification of the Cause of Orifice Metering Errors," by Robert J. McKee, Thomas B. Morrow, and Terrence A. Grimley, Forum on Fluid Measurement and Instrumentation, 1996 ASME Fluids Engineering Conference, San Diego, California, July 7-11, 1996.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Baseline Calibration of 10-Inch (250 mm) Diameter Orifice Meter in the GRI MRF High Pressure Loop," by Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-17, SwRI Project No. 04-7274, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5095-271-3363, July 1996.

"Orifice Flow Metering and Installation Effects," by Thomas B. Morrow, tutorial presentation at 1996 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9, 1996.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Two-inch Bare Orifice Meter Tube Tests," by Thomas B. Morrow, topical report to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0254, GRI Contract No. 5095-271-3363, July 1996.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects Bibliography," by Thomas B. Morrow (Southwest Research Institute) and Paul J. LaNasa (CPL & Associates), topical report to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0222, GRI Contract No. 5095-271-3363, July 1996.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects Research," by Thomas B. Morrow, API COGFM Chapter 14.3, Part 2, Orifice Meter Working Group Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 26, 1996.

"Improved Flow Conditioners for Orifice Metering," by Thomas B. Morrow, John G. Gregor (GRI), and Renny S. Norman (GRI), 1995 International Gas Research Conference, Cannes, Frances, November 6-9, 1995.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Measurements of Mean Axial Velocity and Mean Swirl Angle Profiles With and Without Flow Conditioners Downstream of Two Out-of-Plane 90° Elbows in the GRI MRF Interim Low Pressure Loop," by Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-16, SwRI Project No. 04-6226, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, September 1995.

"Pulsation Effects on Orifice Metering," by Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the 30th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 18-21, 1995.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects in the GRI MRF," by Thomas B. Morrow, Proceedings of the A.G.A. 1995 Operations Conference and Exhibition, Las Vegas, Nevada, May 7-10, 1995.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects in the GRI MRF," by Thomas B. Morrow, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, San Antonio, Texas, March 19-22, 1995.

"Old vs New Orifice Metering Standard: The Changes in API Chapter 14.3, A.G.A. 3, ANSI 2530," by Robert J. McKee, CCAM 45th Annual "Hands On School," Corpus Christi, Texas, November 2-3, 1994.

"Pulsation Effects on Orifice Metering Considering Primary and Secondary Elements," by Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the 29th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, Houston, Texas, September 19-22, 1994, p. 231.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Dimensional Characterization of 45D and 17D Meter Tubes and Orifice Plates Used in the GRI MRF Low Pressure Loop," by Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-15, SwRI Project No. 04-6226, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, August 1994.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Alternative Flow Conditioner Designs Tested in 45D Meter Tube Downstream of a Tee and 17D Meter Tube Downstream of Double Out-Of-Plane Elbows," by Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-14, SwRI Project No. 04-6226, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, August 1994.

"Experimental Results of an Improved Tube Bundle Flow Conditioner for Orifice Metering," by John W. Stuart (PG&E), Joel T. Park, and Thomas B. Morrow, FLOMEKO '94, Glasgow, Scotland, June 14, 1994.

"Report on Research Results of Flow Conditioner Effects on Meter Performance," by Thomas B. Morrow, presentation at the A.G.A. Operations Conference, San Francisco, California, May 8-11, 1994.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 17D Meter Tube and Alternative Flow Conditioner Designs Downstream of Tee," by Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-13, SwRI Report Nos. 04-4397 and 04-6226, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, May 1994.

"Installation Effects on Orifice and Turbine Meter Performance," by Thomas B. Morrow, 45th Annual SCMA/ISA Short Course & Exhibits, Long Beach, California, April 20-21, 1994.

"Installation Effects on Orifice Meter Performance," by Thomas B. Morrow, Joel T. Park, John G. Gregor (GRI), and Renny S. Norman (GRI), FLOMEKO '93, 6th International Conference on Flow Measurement, Seoul, Korea, October 26-29, 1993.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Installation Effects on Orifice Meter Performance," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, topical report (Jan. 1991-Dec. 1992) to Gas Research Institute, Report Nos. GRI-93/0054-1 and 93/0054 2, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, September 1993.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test with a 17D Meter Tube and a 19 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a Plug Valve and a 90° Elbow Valve Stem Parallel to the Elbow Plane," by Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-12, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, December 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Measurements of Axial Mean Velocity, Turbulence Intensity, and Swirl Profiles Upstream of the Meter Tube Installation," by Joel T. Park and Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-11, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, December 1992.

"Effect of Velocity Profile from Tee and Tube Bundle Flow Conditioner on Orifice Meters," by Joel T. Park, Thomas B. Morrow, T. T. Yeh, and George E. Mattingly, 1992 International Gas Research Conference, Orlando, Florida, November 16-19, 1992.

"Progress in Gas Measurement Research; Pulsation and Other Systems Effects on Orifice and Turbine Meters," by Robert J. McKee, Pacific Coast Gas Association, October 28, 1992.

"Baseline Conditions for Orifice Meter Calibration," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, topical report (February 1990-July 1992) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-92/0097, October 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 17D Meter Tube and a 19 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a 45° Elbow," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-10, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, July 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 17D Meter Tube and a 19 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a Plug Valve and a 90° Elbow," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-09, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, June 1992.

"Effects of Tube Bundle Location on Orifice Meter Error and Velocity Profiles," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, 11th Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering (OMAE) International Conference in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, June 7, 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 17D Meter Tube and a 19 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a 90° Elbow and a Plug Valve," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-08, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, May 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 17D Meter Tube and a 7 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a Tee," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-07, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, April 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: 17D Meter Tube Without a Straightening Vane Downstream of a Tee," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-06, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, April 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 17D Meter Tube and a 19 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a Tee," by Joel T. Park and Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-05, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, April 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 100D Meter Tube and a 19 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a 90° Elbow," by Thomas B. Morrow, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-04, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, March 1992.

"Orifice Meter Installation Effects: Sliding Vane Test With a 17D Meter Tube and a 7 Tube Bundle Straightening Vane Downstream of a 90° Elbow," by Thomas B. Morrow and Joel T. Park, SwRI Report No. MRF-UE-03, SwRI Project No. 04-4397, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, March 1992.

"Determination of Installation Effects for 100 mm Orifice Meter Using a Sliding Vane Technique," by Thomas B. Morrow, Joel T. Park, and Robert J. McKee, special edition of Installation Effects of the Flow Measurement and Instrumentation Journal, Vol. 2, January 1991, pp. 14-20.

"Effects of Orifice Meter Installation Condition on Orifice Coefficient Accuracy," by Thomas B. Morrow, Joel T. Park, and Robert J. McKee, SPE Gas Technology Symposium, Houston, Texas, January 23-25, 1991.

"Upstream Installation Requirements for Accurate Orifice Measurement," by Thomas B. Morrow and Robert J. McKee, Second International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, June 1990.

"Pulsation Effects on Orifice Metering Considering Primary and Secondary Elements," by Robert J. McKee, 1989 Gulf Coast Measurement Short Course, Houston, Texas, September 1989.

"A Metering Research Program for Systems Effects in Gas Flow Measurement," by Thomas B. Morrow and Robert J. McKee, at the AIChE Gas Flow Measurement Section, April 2-6, 1989.

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Turbine Gas Flow Meter Publications

"Pressure Drop in Gas Turbine Meters as an Indicator of Performance," by Robert J. McKee and James N. Witte (Tennessee Gas Pipeline), 1997 American Gas Association Operations Conference, Nashville, Tennessee, May 18-21, 1997.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Program: Pressure and Calibration Effects on 12-Inch Gas Turbine Flow Meters," by Robert J. McKee, technical memorandum (June 1995-Feb. 1996) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0390, November 1996.

"GRI Metering Research Facility Program: Tests of Candidate Probes for Flow Pulsation Detection," by Robert J. McKee, technical memorandum (Sept. 1995-June 1996) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0316, November 1996.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Installation Effects on 4-Inch (102 mm) Turbine Meters," by Joel T. Park, topical report (Aug. 1994) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-94/0461, December 1995.

"GRI-Sponsored Turbine Meter Research (Pressure Effects, Pulsation Detection, and Installation Effects: Objectives, Status, and Plans)," by Robert J. McKee, A.G.A. Transmission Measurement Committee, Chicago, Illinois, September 12, 1995.

"Detection of Pulsation Effects on Turbine Meters by Pulse Period Modulation Measurements," by Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, San Antonio, Texas, March 19-22, 1995.

"Reynolds Number and Installation Effects on Turbine Meters," by Joel T. Park, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, San Antonio, Texas, March 19-22, 1995.

"Review of Turbine Meters for Natural Gas Flow Measurement," by Joel T. Park and Robert J. McKee, SwRI Report No. TM-01, SwRI Project No. 04-6226, technical memorandum to Gas Research Institute, GRI Contract No. 5086-271-2197, December 1994.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Detection of Pulsation Effects on Gas Turbine Meters," by Robert J. McKee, topical report (April 1993-Aug. 1994) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-94/0460, December 1994.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Installation Effects on 4-Inch (102 mm) Gas Turbine Meters," by Joel T. Park, topical report (Nov. 1993-Aug. 1994) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0461, August 1994.

"Detection of Pulsation Effects in Turbine Meter Gas Flow Measurement," by Robert J. McKee, 1992 International Gas Research Conference, Orlando, Florida, November 16-19, 1992.

"Progress in Gas Measurement Research; Pulsation and Other Systems Effects on Orifice and Turbine Meters," by Robert J. McKee, Pacific Coast Gas Association, October 28, 1992.

"MRF Program: Pulsation Effects on Gas Turbine Meters," by Robert J. McKee and Cecil R. Sparks, topical report (March 1990-Jan. 1992) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-92/0220, February 1992.

"Cogen Pulsation Effects on Turbine Metering," by J. W. Bronner and Robert J. McKee, Proceedings of the A.G.A. Operating Section Distribution/Transmission Conference, Nashville, Tennessee, April 28-May 1, 1991.

"Pulsation and Unsteady Flow Effects on Turbine Meters," by Robert J. McKee, 2nd International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, June 6-8, 1990.

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Ultrasonic Gas Flow Meter Publications

"Recent 12-Inch Ultrasonic Meter Tests at the GRI Metering Research Facility," by Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., TNO Flow Metering Seminar, Techniek Museum, Delft, The Netherlands, September 20, 1999.

"Recent 12-inch Ultrasonic Meter Testing at the MRF," by Terrence A. Grimley, A.G.A. Gas Measurement Research Council, Seattle, Washington, September 14, 1999.

"12-inch Ultrasonic Flow Meter Verification Testing at the MRF," by Terrence A. Grimley, Fourth Inernational Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement, Denver, Colorado, June 28-30, 1999.

"The Influence of Velocity Profile on Ultrasonic Flow Meter Performance," by Terrence A. Grimley, A.G.A. 1998 Operations Conference, Seattle, Washington, May 17-19, 1998.

"GRI MRF Ultrasonic Flow Meter Research Program Draft Plan 1998/1999," by Terrence A. Grimley, American Gas Association Winter Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 11, 1998.

"Performance Testing of Ultrasonic Flow Meters," by Terrence A. Grimley, The North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop 1997, Kristiansand, Norway, October 27-31, 1997.

"Multipath and Single-Path Ultrasonic Flow Meters," by Terrence A. Grimley, American Petroleum Institute COPM Measurement Seminar, San Diego, California, October 13, 1997.

"Performing Testing of Ultrasonic Flow Meters," by Terrence A. Grimley and Edgar B. Bowles, Jr., American Gas Association Operating Section Operations Conference, Nashville, Tennessee, May18-21, 1997.

"Performance Tests of 12-Inch Multipath Ultrasonic Flow Meters," by T. Grimley, U.S. Department of Energy's Natural Gas Conference, Houston, Texas, March 26, 1997.

"Ultrasonic flowmeters undergo accuracy, repeatability tests," by Terrence A. Grimley, Oil & Gas Journal, December 23, 1996, pp. 101-104.

"Multipath Ultrasonic Flow Meter Performance," by Terrence A. Grimley, the North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop, Peebles, Scotland, October 28-31, 1996.

"Metering Research Facility Program: Performance Test of 12-Inch Multipath Ultrasonic Flow Meters," by Terrence A. Grimley, topical report (Oct. 1994-March 1996) to Gas Research Institute, Report No. GRI-96/0291, GRI Contract No. 5095-271-3363, August 1996.

"GRI/MRF Ultrasonic Meter Research Program," by Terrence A. Grimley, A.G.A. TMC Ultrasonic Meter Working Group, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 21, 1996.

"Multipath Ultrasonic Flowmeter Performance," by by Terrence A. Grimley, 1996 A.G.A. Operations Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 19-22, 1996.

"GRI/MRF Ultrasonic Meter Research Program," by Terrence A. Grimley, A.G.A. TMC Ultrasonic Meter Working Group, Santa Fe, New Mexico, March 6, 1996.

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Trade Journal Articles:

Flow Control

"Accuracy Counts: How Abnormal Conditions Affect Orifice Meter Measurement," by Thomas B. Morrow, Flow Control, Vol. V, No. 6, June 1999.

"Avoiding Installation Errors for Orifice Meters," by Thomas B. Morrow, Flow Control, Vol. IV, No. 10, November 1998.

Mass Flow Measurement

"Designing a Test Facility for Natural Gas Flow Measurement Research," by James E. Johnson and Robert J. McKee, ASME Winter Annual Meeting, November 28, 1988; published in Mass Flow Measurement, FED-Vol. 73, November 1988, pp. 39-46.

Mechanical Engineering

"Determining Gas-Meter Accuracy," by Michael Valenti, Associate Editor, Mechanical Engineering, March 1997, Vol. 119, No. 3, pp. 102-106.

Pipeline and Gas Journal

"Natural Gas Flow Measurement in the 20th Century," by E.B.Bowles Jr, Pipeline & Gas Journal, July 1999, pp. 16-21.

"MRF Leading the Way in Metering Technology," by Jeff Share, Editor, Pipeline & Gas Journal, July 1998, Vol. 225, No. 7, pp. 36-39.

Pipeline and Gas Industry

"Industry Hones Gas Balancing Tools at Meter Research Facility," by Chuck French, Pipeline & Gas Industry, December 1999, p.45-50.

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Southwest Research Institute® (SwRI®), headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, is a multidisciplinary, independent, nonprofit, applied engineering and physical sciences research and development organization with 10 technical divisions.
11/25/15