SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Pulsation and Mechanical Analyses

 

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2010

Broerman, E.L., J.T. Gatewood, J.T. O’Grady, R.F. Troy, C.L. Rand, G.T. Stroud, "Identifying and Mitigating Flow-induced Vbration in Recycle Loop Gas Piping at a Centrifugal Compressor Station," presented at the 2010 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, October 4-6, 2010, Phoenix, AZ. Abstract

Broerman, E.L., J.T. Gatewood, J.T. O’Grady, R.F. Troy, C.L. Rand, G.T. Stroud, "Identifying and Mitigating Flow-induced Vbration in Recycle Loop Gas Piping at a Centrifugal Compressor Station," presented at the 8th International Pipeline Conference, September 27-October 1, 2010, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Abstract

Garcia-Hernandez, A.J., "Case Study of Capacity and Power Compression Usage Optimization in a Pipeline System," presented at the Gas Machinery Conference (GMC), Phoenix, AZ, September 2010.

Garcia-Hernandez, A.J., "Centrifugal Compressor Surge Modeling," technology update presented at the Gas Machinery Conference (GMC), Phoenix, AZ, September 2010.

Garcia-Hernandez, A.J. and M.G. Nored, "Effective Pipeline Simulation Modeling," Gas Machinery Journal, Article Transport Technology, August 2010.

Garcia-Hernandez, A.J. and T.Z. Moore, "Transient Analysis Case Study of a Liquid Pipeline System," presented at the 26th International Pump User Symposium, Houston, TX, March 2010.

Gatewood, J.T., and A. Rivera, "Reciprocating Compressor Field Testing and Troubleshooting: Performance, Pulsation, and Vibration," short course presented at the Gulf South Rotating Machinery Symposium (GSRMS), Baton Rouge, LA, March 2010.

Iyengar, V., J. Gatewood, M.B. Nored, and K. Brun, "Tools for Comprehensive Reciprocating Compressor Valve Analysis," CT2 Compressor TechTwo Trade Journal dedicated to Gas Compression Products and Applications, Vol., 15, Issue 11, March 2010.

Nored, M.G., E.L. Broerman, K. Brun, "Gas Passage System Pulsation Analysis for Modern Reciprocating Compressors," presented at the 7th Conference of the EFRC, October 21-22, 2010, Florence, Italy.

Nored, M.G., E.L. Broerman, K. Brun, G. Bourn, "Low-Loss Pulsation Control," presented at the 2010 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, October 4-6, 2010, Phoenix, AZ.

Nored, M.G., K. Brun, T. Callahan, and R. Kurz, "Driver Options for Pipeline Compressors," proceedings of the 2010 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, October 4-6, 2010, Phoenix, AZ.

White, B.A., J.T. Gatewood, P.J. Pantermuehl, and C.M. Scrivner, "Vibration Control in Reciprocating Compressor Systems," short course presented at the Gas Machinery Conference (GMC), Phoenix, AZ, October 4-6, 2010.

2009

Broerman, E.L., T.S. Tavares, V. Iyengar, M.G. Nored, "Investigation of High Efficiency Pulsation Filter Bottle Design," presented at the 2009 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, Atlanta, GA, October 5-7, 2009.

Broerman, E.L., F. Fierro, M. Hinchliff, R.J. McKee, "The Effect of Compressor Cylinder Design on Nozzle Pulsations-Field Test Results of the Dresser-Rand DDV Pipeline Cylinder," republished in the GM Journal, February 2009. Abstract This paper will describe how the Dynamic Discharge Valve (DDV) cylinder works and why the acoustic cylinder nozzle response improves the cylinder pulsation levels. Unique acoustic characteristics of the cylinder design will be discussed, particularly regarding how the unique characteristics result in alterations of the pulsations that are typically associated with the cylinder nozzle response/resonance.

Garcia-Hernandez, A.J. and K. Brun, "Case Study of Liquids Drop-Out in a Natural Gas Pipeline Network," presented at the Pipeline Simulation Interest Group (PSIG) Annual Conference, Galveston, TX, May 2009.

Gatewood, J.T., W. Laible, M. Wilcox, and B. Webber, "Reciprocating Compressor Field Testing and Troubleshooting: Performance, Pulsation, and Vibration," short course presented at the Gas Machinery Conference, Atlanta, GA, October 2009.

Iyengar, V. and K. Brun, "Fluid Dynamic Analysis of Reciprocating Compressor Valves to Assess Aerodynamic Performance," presented at the Gas Machinery Conference, Atlanta, GA, October 2009.

McKee, R.J., E.L. Broerman, "Acoustics in Pumping Systems," presented at the 25th International Pump Users Symposium, February 23-26, 2009, Houston, TX. Abstract This tutorial will explain the pumping system speed of sound concept (how to account for acoustic velocity changes due to pipe wall flexibility and liquid properties), the definition of quarter-wave, half-wave, and higher order acoustic mode shapes, the importance of each mode shape, and examples of how to estimate these mode shapes and frequencies.

Nored, M., "Effect of Orifice Plate Manufacturing Variations on Orifice Meter Performance," American Gas Association Operations Conference, May 2009.

Nored, M., "Compressor Station Efficiency and Emission Improvement Options," Gas Turbine Users Symposium, Houston, Texas, September 2009.

Nored, M., A. Garcia-Hernandez, K. Brun, and J. Moore, "Compressor Surge Control: Design and Modeling," Pipeline and Gas Journal, Volume 236, No. 9, September 2009.

Nored, M., K. Brun, and J. Hollingsworth, "Application Guideline for Electric Motor Drive Equipment for Natural Gas Compressors," Gas Machinery Research Council Publication, May 2009.

Nored, M. and M. Wilcox, "Waste Heat Recovery Technology Overview," Gas Electric Partnership, Houston, Texas, February 2009.

Nored, M., A. Johnson, K. Brun, and R. Kurz, "Operation and Selection of Electric Motor Driven Compression Systems," Gas Machinery Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 2009.

Scrivner. C.M., B.A. White, "A Pulsation and Vibration Methodology for High-Speed Natural Gas Reciprocating Compressors,"GM Journal, February 2009. Abstract This article discusses the current pulsation and vibration control methodology generally preferred by Southwest Research Institute® (SwRI®) for the design of high-speed natural gas reciprocating compressors. Included in this discussion is the application of a new technology for control of compressor nozzle resonance.

Tweten, D., K. Brun, and M. Nored, "Dynamic Pressure Losses in Piping Systems," Gas Machinery Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 2009.

Wilcox, M., M. Nored, K. Brun, and R. Kurz, "Comparative Analysis of Field Performance Testing in Centrifugal and Reciprocating Compressors," ASME Paper No. GT2009-59187, ASME Turbo Expo 2009.

2008

Broerman, E., F. Fierro, M. Hinchliff, R. McKee, "The Effect of Compressor Cylinder Design on Nozzle Pulsations—Field Test Results of the Dresser-Rand DDV Pipeline Cylinder," Compressor Tech, October 2008. Abstract This Article discusses the recent acoustic modeling of pulsation levels in the nozzles of a Dresser-Rand Dynamic Discharge Valve (DDV) pipeline cylinder, compared to conventional high-speed machines.

Broerman, E.L., R.J. McKee, M.G. Nored, "Benefits of the Virtual Orifice: Pulsations and Vibrations Reduced, Performance Improved," presented at the 2008 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, October 1-4, 2008, Albuquerque, NM. Abstract This paper will discuss the fundamental issues that the Virtual Orifice is designed to address. It includes data (vibration, pulsation, and performance) from a field compressor before and after Virtual Orifices were installed. The paper will explain and demonstrate the results from the field test of the installation of a Virtual Orifice on each cylinder of a high speed reciprocating compressor.

Broerman, E.L., R.J. McKee, C.M. Scrivner, Gary Bourn, "Advancement in Pulsation Control for Reciprocating Compressors," presented at the European Forum for Reciprocating Compressors (EFRC-Conference), October 28-29, 2008, Dusseldorf, Germany. Abstract This article discusses an ongoing, joint Gas Machinery Research Council (GMRC) and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) research project about a pulsation control device designed to mitigate cylinder nozzle resonant pulsations without the losses typically associated with the installation of cylinder nozzle orifices was developed and field tested. This newly developed pulsation control device was named the Virtual Orifice, since this technology was essentially developed to replace the compressor nozzle orifice.

Broerman, E.L., M.G. Nored, R.J. McKee, "New Solution - Virtual Orifice, Old Problem - Pressure Drop Used for Controlling the Cylinder Nozzle Resonance," GM Journal, May 2008. Abstract For the past fifty-plus years, the standard orifice plate has been used to control high amplitude cylinder nozzle resonant gas pressure pulsations. Unfortunately, the orifice typically imposes considerable pressure losses (and equivalent horsepower losses) on the system when used to damp the acoustic resonance. This paper will discuss a new means of controlling the cylinder nozzle resonance called the Virtual Orifice (VO) device.

Moore, J.M. and M. Nored, "Novel Concepts for the Compression of Large Volumes of CO2," ASME Paper No. GT 2008-50924, ASME Turbo Expo 2008.

Nored, M., "CO2 Pipeline Transport," Gas Turbine Users Symposium, Houston, Texas, September 2008.

Nored, M. and K. Brun,"Application Guideline for Centrifugal Compressor Surge Control Systems," Gas Machinery Research Council Publication, January 2008.

Nored, M., K. Brun, and J. Moore, "Development of a Surge Control Guideline and Surge Testing Considerations, Gas Machinery Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2008.

Nored, M., K. Brun, and R. Kurz, "Development of a Guideline for the Design of Surge Control Systems," ASME Paper No. GT2008-50380, ASME Turbo Expo 2008.

Tweten, D.J., M.G. Nored, K. Brun,, "The Physics of Pulsations," presented at the 2008 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, October 1-4, 2008, Albuquerque, NM. Abstract.

2007

Broerman, E.L., R.J. McKee, C.M. Scrivner, "GMRC Advanced Reciprocating Compressor Technology (ARCT)," Compressor TechTwo, Two-Part Series published June 2007 and July 2007. Abstract As part of the ongoing Gas Machinery Research Council (GMRC) Advanced Reciprocating Compressor Technology (ARCT) research project, a joint project with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), this paper will discuss several new pulsation control technologies that have been developed and evaluated to mitigate design constraints for manifold systems and the attached piping systems.

Moore, J., M. Nored, and K. Brun, "Researchers Seek to Economically Compress Large Volumes of Carbon Dioxide," Pipeline and Gas Journal, Volume 234, No.9, September 2007.

Nored, M.G., E.L. Broerman, D.M. Deffenbaugh, R.J. McKee, "Advancements in Pulsation Control Technology," presented at the 2007 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, October 1-3, 2007, Dallas, TX. Abstract This article will discuss the advanced pulsation control techniques that are needed to accommodate the increase in compressor running speed, the variation in operations, and the inherently higher pulsation amplitudes. It will also discuss new pulsation control concepts that are being developed to accommodate more flexible, higher speed compressors.

Smolik, M.A., E.L. Broerman, C.M. Scrivner, "Helmholtz Absorbers: Experiments in Controlling Resonant Pulsation Without the Use of Orifice Plates," presented at the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping (PVP) Division Conference, July 22-26, 2007, San Antonio, TX. (paper reference number PVP2007-26246)

2006

Broerman, E.L., R.E. Harris, C.M. Scrivner, "ARCT & GMRC Pulsation Control Project: Current Results," presented at the 2006 GMRC Gas Machinery Conference, October 2-4, 2006, Oklahoma City, OK. Abstract This article discusses optimizing a reciprocating compressor acoustic manifold design so that a balance between pulsation control, compressor performance, and mechanical vibration control can be achieved.

Brun, K. and M. Nored, "Guideline for Field Testing of Gas Turbine and Centrifugal Compressor Performance," Gas Machinery Research Council Publication, August 2006.

Brun, K., R. Kurz, and M. Nored, "Development of a Guideline for Field Testing of Gas Turbines and Centrifugal Compressors," Gas Machinery Conference, October 2006.

Nored, M. and K. Brun, "Refueling Options for Natural Gas Combined Cycle Plants," ASME Electric Power 2006, Atlanta, Georgia, May 2006.

White, B.A., "Mechanical Modeling of Compressor Manifold Systems," Compressor TechTwo, Three-Part Series published, March 2006, April-May 2006, and June 2006 Abstract This paper consists of three parts: Part I (March 2006) includes a basic introduction and discusses current modeling technology. Part II (April-May 2006) is a case study comparing different modeling tools. Part III (June 2006) discusses mechanical manifold modeling as it applies to liquefied natural gas (LNG) systems.

2005

Brun, K., T. Smalley, J. Platt, M. Nored, "Reciprocating Compressor Valve Plate Life and Performance Analysis," European Forum for Reciprocating Compressors, June 2005.

2004

Bowles, E.B., D.L. George, E. Kelner, T.B. Morrow, M. Nored, and C. Letton, "Busy Pace Set at Meter Research Facility," Pipeline and Gas Journal, Volume 231, No.7, July 2004.

Brown, F. and M. Nored, "Improving Orifice Meter Performance: A Case-Study of Orifice Metering Accuracy from Various Field Stations," American Gas Association 2004 Operations Section Meeting, May 23-25, 2004.

George, D.L.,  H.L. Fraser,  M. Nored,  and P.W. Tang,  "Carbon Dioxide as a Test Fluid For Calibration of Turbine Meters," American Gas Association 2004 Operations Section Meeting, May 23-25, 2004.

George, D.L.,  E.B. Bowles, M. Nored,  R.J.W. Peters, and R. Steven, "Tests of the V-cone Flow Meter at Southwest Research Institute and Utah State University in Accordance with the New API Chapter 5.7 Test Protocol," North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop 2004, St. Andrews, Scotland, October 2004.

Kelner, E., T.E. Owen,  D.L. George, A. Minachi, M.G. Nored, and C.J.Schwartz,  "Development of Low-Cost Inferential Natural Gas Energy Flow Rate Prototype Retrofit Module," Gas Research Institute Topical Report GRI-02/0168, March 2004.

Nored, M., D. George, and R. McKee, "Turbine Meters: Operation in Gas and Liquid Flows," CIATEQ V Fluid Flow Seminar, Centro de Tecnologia Avanzada, August 2004, Aguascalientes, Ags, Mexico.

Stobie, G., E. Kelner, and M. Nored, "SwRI Fluid Property Meter Technology: Recent Developments and REAL WORLD Applications," Third International South East Asia Hydrocarbon Flow Measurement Workshop, March 9-11, 2004.

2003

Morrow, T.B., D.L. George, M.G. Nored, and E.B. Bowles, "Operational Factors that Affect Orifice Meter Accuracy," Flow Control, Volume IX, No.1, January 2003.

Smalley, A.J., R.E. Harris, C.M. Gehri, and G.W. Weilbacher, “Dynamic Characteristics of Large High-Speed Reciprocating Compressor Systems,” presented at the European Forum for Reciprocating Compressors (EFRC-Conference), March 27-28, 2003, Vienna, Austria.

2002

Morrow, T.B.; D.L. George, and M.G. Nored,  "Metering Research Facility Program: Operational Factors that Affect Orifice Meter Accuracy," Gas Research Institute Topical Report GRI-00/0141, April 2002.

Nored, M.G., D.L. George, T.A. Grimley, and E.B. Bowles Jr., "Gas Metering Payback," Flow Control, Volume VIII, No.2, February 2002.

Weilbacher, G.W., C.M. Gehri, R.E. Harris, B.A. White, C.R. Sparks, P.J. Pantermuehl, A.J. Smalley, and R. Goodenough, “Acoustic and Mechanical Dynamics Issues for High Horsepower, High-Speed Compressors in Gas Transmission Service,” presented at the Gas Machinery Conference (GMC), October 7-9, 2002, Nashville, TN.

1996

Blodgett, L.E., Using Analog and Digital Analysis for Effective Pulsation Control, 1996 AGA Operations Conference, May 19-22, 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Bowles, E.B., T.B. Morrow, C.R. Sparks, and J.G. Gregor, Automatic and Remote Valves for Pipeline Break Detection, AGA Operations Conference, May 1996, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Bowles, E.B., T.B. Morrow, C.R. Sparks, and J.G. Gregor, Gas Pipeline Rupture Detection and Control, ASME International Pipeline Conference, June 1996, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Bowles, E.B., T.B. Morrow, C.R. Sparks, and J.G. Gregor, Study Assesses Line-Break Control Valve Effectiveness, Pipeline & Gas Industry, pp. 49-53, October 1996.

Durke, R.G. and R.J. McKee, Orifice Meter Gage Line Distortions, presented at the International School of Hydrocarbon Measurement, April 9-11, 1996, Oklahoma City, OK.

1994

Blodgett, L.E. and Robert J. McKee, Pulsation Reduction by Acoustic Filters for Metering Applications, Proceedings of the 29th Annual American School of Gas Measurement Technology, 1994, Houston, TX, pp. 265-268.

For more information about our compressor piping system design capabilities, or how you can contract with SwRI, please contact Buddy Broerman at ebroerman@swri.org or (210) 522-2555, or Marybeth Nored at mnored@swri.org or (210) 522-3905. We can offer you the best approach for solving your compressor system or pump system analysis problem.

 

pulsations.swri.org

  

Contact Information

Buddy Broerman

Senior Research Engineer

(210) 522-2555

ebroerman@swri.org


David Ransom, P.E.

Principal Engineer

(210) 522-5281

dransom@swri.org


pulsations.swri.org

Related Terminology

acoustic response analysis

pulsation study

acoustic analysis

pulsation  expert

acoustic study

vibration  expertise

compressor pulsation study

vibration study

compressor pulsation analysis

acoustic response study

pulsation resonance

reciprocating compressor study

pump piping system

pulsation centrifugal analysis

centrifugal piping design

pump study

torsional analysis

foundation analysis

foundation study

response frequency

acoustical energy

pulsation energy

fluid pulsations

pulsation bottle

 

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August 07, 2014