Tractors across the country operate with test lubricants monitored by SwRI personnel. Lubricant-related testing has been conducted on John Deere, Massey-Ferguson, New Holland and CASE tractors. In addition to field testing programs, SwRI also performs a wide variety of both standardized and specialty fluid laboratory testing.
Tractor Fluids Specification Testing
New Holland specifications for tractor hydraulic fluids require satisfactory performance in gear wear protection, brake chatter protection, independent power take off (IPTO) and Powershift clutch capacity.
John Deere J20 specifications for tractor hydraulic fluid require satisfactory performance of test lubricants in tests that simulate severe duty of farm tractor and industrial equipment components including:
Additional Tractor Test Facilities:
- Tractor chassis dynamometer
- Universal tractor driveline test cell
Tractor Field Tests
Tractors across the country operate with test fluids monitored by SwRI personnel. Lubricant-related testing has been conducted on John Deere, New Holland and CASE tractors.
Tractor Fluids Specification Testing
New Holland specifications for tractor hydraulic fluids require satisfactory performance in gear wear protection, independent power take off (IPTO) and powershift clutch capacity, and brake chatter protection.
Tractor Hydraulic Fluid Testing
John Deere J20 specifications for tractor hydraulic fluid require satisfactory performance of test lubricants in tests that simulate severe duty of farm tractor and industrial equipment components.
JDQ-84 Dynamic Corrosion Sauer-Danfoss Pump Test
This test screens fluids that cause corrosion of copper-containing metals in high-pressure pumps. A Sauer-Danfoss 90 Series axial piston pump is operated for 25 hours at 3,000 psi. Water is then added to the test fluid. The output pressure of the pump is increased to 5,500 psi and maintained at that pressure for another 200 hours.
JDQ-94 Powershift Transmission Clutch Friction Test
This test assesses the effects of tractor hydraulic fluids on wet clutch capacity, dynamic friction coefficient, and clutch disc wear. A 200 hp John Deere engine drives a modified John Deere 4850 15-speed, powershift transmission, loaded by an eddy current dynamometer. A typical test cycle consists of eight seconds of slipping the clutch at high dynamometer load and engine power. At the end of the test, three engine stall tests are performed.
JDQ-102A Shear Stability
Formerly known as JDQ-102 Shear Stability, this test determines the shear stable viscosity of a tractor hydraulic fluid. Using a diesel injection pump and 6 fuel injectors for a John Deere 6466 engine, the fluid is circulated under high pressure through the fine orifices of the injectors. This test is also used to prepare a fluid for the JDQ-95 spiral bevel/final drive wear test.
JDQ-95 Spiral Bevel/Final Drive Wear Test
This 50-hour test evaluates how effectively tractor hydraulic fluids protect the spiral bevel gears from scoring and the final drive planetary reduction gears from surface distress and wear. A John Deere engine and powershift transmission drives an industrial axle housing the test gears. A pair of high torque dynamometers provide load.
JDQ-96B Torque Variation and Brake Friction Retention Test
A John Deere 1400 series industrial axle equipped with annular wet disk brakes is used for the test axle. The brake chatter test consists of 30,000 brake engagements. After 1,000, 10,000, 20,000 and 30,000 brake engagements, a series of brake chatter tests are performed at different wheel speeds, brake pressures and temperatures.
JDQ-102B Shear Stability
Formally known as John Deere Hydraulic Pump Shear Stability, this 48-hour test uses a Sauer-Danfoss 90 series axial piston pump to circulate fluid across a hydraulic relief valve to determine the shear stable viscosity of a tractor hydraulic fluid. This test is also used to prepare a fluid for the JDQ-95A Spiral Bevel Gear Wear test.
JDQ-95A Spiral Bevel Gear Wear
This 50-hour test evaluates how effectively a tractor hydraulic fluid protects the spiral bevel gear set from distress. An electric motor drives the front axle center section from a John Deere 8000 series tractor with independent link suspension, and a pair of high torque dry brake dynamometers provides the load.
John Deere High Energy Clutch
This test assesses the effects of tractor hydraulic fluids on the degradation of dynamic friction coefficient and clutch disk wear. The test uses a modified driveline from a John Deere 7000 series tractor with a “PowrReverser” transmission. A typical test cycle consists of fixing the driveline output and slipping the clutch for several seconds before releasing the output to spin freely and cool the transmission. This cycle is repeated 2,000 times using the forward clutches.
John Deere TZT Oxidation
This 400-hour test determines the oxidation resistance, thermal stability and corrosion protection characteristics of fluids. The test is conducted with an electric motor-driven hydrostatic transmission from a John Deere zero-turn mower.
Hydraulic Fluid Testing
SwRI maintains more than 40 industry standard and specialty test rigs, including multiple SAE #2 and FZG benches, configured for a variety of test types. Tests include the Conestoga pump test (ASTM) D 7043, Denison T6H20C hybrid pump–phase I, Denison T6H20C hybrid pump–phase I, and Eaton 35VQ25A pump test
DIN 51389-2 Vane Pump Wear Test
The purpose of this test is to determine the anti-wear properties of hydraulic fluids. The fluid is run through an electric-driven vane pump for 250 hours at an inlet temperature selected to maintain a kinematic viscosity of 13 mm2/sec. The pump components are weighed before and after the test. Weight loss determines the fluid performance.
Conestoga Pump Test (ASTM D7043)
The purpose of this test is to determine the anti-wear properties of hydraulic fluids. The fluid is run through an electric-driven Model 104C hydraulic pump for 100 hours. The pump’s vanes and cam ring are weighed before and after the test. Weight loss determines the fluid performance.
Eaton 35VQ25A Pump Test
This test evaluates the anti-wear characteristics of hydraulic fluids by measuring cam ring and vane weight loss for a 35VQ25A pump. The pump operates for 50 hours at an outlet pressure of 3,000 psi and an inlet fluid temperature of 203°F. This test is the same as the Vickers 35VQ25A wear test. The first three or four of five tests must pass.
Denison T6H20C Hybrid Pump - Phase I Denison T6H20C Hybrid Pump - Phase II
These tests sponsored by Denison evaluate the effect of hydraulic fluid on flow, pressure loss and wear using a hybrid T6H style piston and vane pump run near rated conditions. The tests are made up of a break-in phase, a dry fluid testing phase (no water added), and a wet fluid (water added) testing phase. The dry and wet phases are a little over 300 hours long each and are priced separately. These are cyclic tests with the outlet pressures for both pumps changing every two seconds. The same test pump is used for both wet and dry phases.
For questions about this testing, please contact Matt Jackson at +1 210 522 6981.