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Denoising with Three Dimensional Fourier Transform for Three Dimensional Images, Including Image Sequences

Abstract: 

A method of mitigating noise in source image data representing pixels of a 3-D image. The "3-D image" may be any type of 3-D image, regardless of whether the third dimension is spatial, temporal, or some other parameter. The 3-D image is divided into three-dimensional chunks of pixels. These chunks are apodized and a three-dimensional Fourier transform is performed on each chunk, thereby producing a three-dimensional spectrum of each chunk. The transformed chunks are processed to estimate a noise floor based on spectral values of the pixels within each chunk. A noise threshold is then determined, and the spectrum of each chunk is filtered with a denoising filter based on the noise threshold. The chunks are then inverse transformed, and recombined into a denoised 3-D image. 

Patent Number: 
10,181,181
Date Of Issue: 
01/15/2019
Inventors: 

Craig E. DeForest