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Method and Apparatus Generating and Detecting Torsional Wave Inspection of Pipes or Tubes

Abstract: 

A method and apparatus for implementing magnetostrictive sensor techniques for the nondestructive evaluation of pipes or tubes. A magnetostrictive sensor generates guided waves in a pipe or tube, which waves travel therethrough in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the pipe or tube. This is achieved by using a magnetized ferromagnetic strip being pressed circumferentially against the pipe or tube. For improved efficiency, the strip may be made from an iron-cobalt alloy. The guided waves are generated in the strip and coupled to the pipe or tube and propagate along the length of said pipe or tube. For detection, the guided waves in the pipe or tube are coupled to the thin ferromagnetic strip and are detected by receiving MsS coils. Reflected guided waves may represent defects in the pipe or tube.

Patent Number: 
6,917,196
Date Of Issue: 
07/12/2005
Inventors: 

Hegeon Kwun; Kim Sang-Young; James F. Crane; Myoung-Seon Choi