Advanced science.  Applied technology.


Sky Wave Direction Finder: 5,032,844


A system using two magnetic quadrupole antennas, two magnetic dipole antennas and means for processing the respective antenna signal outputs provides unambiguous estimates of elevation and polarization for an incident RF signal. The system uses an efficient procedure to process the signals from a small aperture array of fixed loop elements for the purpose of providing radio direction of arrival information that is free of intrinsic polarization error. The directional information is developed by performing a simultaneous arctangent operation on signals output from the antennas or as the measured phase difference between a quadrature summed quadrupole output and a quadrature summed dipole output compensated by a phase offset between the dipole antennas and the quadrupole antennas.

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Jackie E. Hipp; Douglas N. Travers