Bone Biomechanics
Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Image: atomic force microscopy image of bone
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Bone quality is determined using a hierarchical approach. Atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation are used to asses bone quality at the nanostructural level.

Image: bone biomechanical strength determined by biomechanical test methods

Bone biomechanical strength and structural integrity are determined using full-scale biomechanical test methods.

Advanced nano- and micro-mechanical characterization and analysis techniques are being utilized to understand the biomechanical behavior of bone and to assess bone quality. By applying a suite of advanced characterization techniques at multiple length scales, SwRI engineers are gaining new insights into the effects of aging, drug treatment, and genetic background on bone quality and bone biomechanics.

  • Bone biomechanics and bone quality assessment
  • Hierarchical material and mechanical/biomechanical characterization
    • Atomic force microscopy
    • Nanoindentation
    • Raman spectroscopy
    • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
    • Environmental scanning electron microscopy
    • X-ray diffraction
  • Biomechanical characterization
    • Tension, torsion, compression, fracture toughness
    • Coupon level (apparent level, microstructural level)
    • Whole bone testing
  • Genetic contributions to musculoskeletal health
    In collaboration with researchers at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute, SwRI staff members are investigating the relationship between musculoskeletal diseases such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, and genetics.

Related Terminology

bone biomechanics  •  bone quality assessment  •  atomic force microscopy  •  nanoindentation  •  Raman spectroscopy  •  nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy  •  environmental scanning electron microscopy (SEM)  •  X-ray diffraction

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Southwest Research Institute® (SwRI®), headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, is a multidisciplinary, independent, nonprofit, applied engineering and physical sciences research and development organization with 9 technical divisions.