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Armor Mechanics

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HOW CAN WE HELP YOU?

For more than 30 years, SwRI staff has been using an integrated approach, including experimentation, numerical simulation, and analytical modeling, to investigate and solve fundamental and applied problems in:

  • Armor mechanics
  • Armor applications
  • Armor design
    • Reactive systems
    • Active systems
    • Armor concepts
  • Armor evaluation and studies
    • Experimental
    • Analytical
    • Computational

High-speed diagnostics and a wide variety of launchers support experimental studies. A complementary high-rate materials laboratory allows material characterization and determination of computational constitutive constants.

Armor Mechanics Applications and Experience

  • Low-speed impact
  • Small arms
  • Anti-tank kinetic energy projectiles
  • Chemical energy threats
  • Armor efficiency assessment
  • Evaluation of penetrator defeat mechanisms
  • Testing of passive armor, reactive armor, and active armor

Armor Technologies

Types of Armor

  • Monolithic
  • Multi-material
  • Multi-component
  • Spaced plate
  • Heavy
  • Light
  • Reactive
  • Active

Armor Materials

  • Metallics
  • Ceramics
  • Composites
  • Fabrics
  • Explosives
  • Inert elements

Projectiles/Threats

  • Long rods
  • Medium caliber
    • 14.5 (B32, BS41)
    • 30-mm AP
    • 30-mm APDS
  • Small arms
    • Rifle
    • Handgun
    • Armor-piercing
    • Ball
  • Fragment-simulating projectiles (FSPs)
  • Shaped charges

Defeat Mechanisms

  • Target strength
  • Obliquity
  • Fracture
  • Yaw
  • Rotation
  • Spaced elements
  • Erosion
  • Spreading the load

Armor Mechanics Applications

  • Ballistic limit
  • Ballistic protection design
  • Armor concept evaluation
  • Design improvements
  • Response of two types of aluminum alloys to impact by a lead-filled ball round

Armor Mechanics Facilities

  • Indoor ballistics range
  • 20- to 30-mm high-performance gun system
  • 50-mm high-performance cannon (impact velocities up to ~2.0 km/s)
  • Outdoor test areas, up to 1,000 yards
  • Storage, handling, and application of explosives
  • Fully equipped instrumentation trailer (high-speed data acquisition of pressure, strain, displacement, etc.)
  • Flash radiography
  • High-speed video (up to 60,000 frames per second)
  • Ultra-high-speed digital imaging (up to 100 million frames per second)