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Turbocharging Systems for Internal Combustion Engines

Abstract: 

Systems with exhaust gas recirculation and two-stage charge air compression include an internal combustion engine having an exhaust manifold and an intake manifold; a turbocharger with an exhaust gas turbine and a compressor, each having an inlet and an outlet; a first exhaust gas conduit connecting the exhaust gas turbine inlet with the exhaust manifold; a charge air conduit connecting the turbocharger compressor outlet with the intake manifold; a motor-driven compressor having an inlet and an outlet, with the outlet connected with the inlet of the turbocharger compressor; a two-input proportioning gas control valve having a first inlet open to atmosphere and a second inlet connected with an EGR conduit connected with the flow of exhaust gas from the internal combustion engine, and an outlet to deliver a mixture of air and exhaust gas to the inlet of the motor-driven charge air compressor; and a control operating the two-input proportioning gas control valve to mix in controlled proportions, air from atmosphere and exhaust gas from the internal combustion engine for further compression of the mixture of air and exhaust gas for the intake manifold of the internal combustion engine. The control can be provided with algorithm for control of the two-input proportioning gas control valve to provide an optimal mixture of recirculated exhaust gas and air for operation of the internal combustion engine with reduced NOx. Such systems can include a bypass conduit and a check valve between the inlet and outlet of the motor-driven charge air compressor, an EGR cooler to provide cooled EGR to the second input of the two-input proportioning gas control valve, an EGR particulate filter or trap, and an intercooler for the compressed charge air.

Patent Number: 
5,771,868
Date Of Issue: 
06/30/1998
Inventors: 

Magdi K. Khair;