Automotive coolant, or antifreeze, fulfills the vital role of carrying heat away from internal combustion engines so they can operate efficiently. Coolants are typically ethylene glycol-based concentrates diluted with water, providing boiling and freeze protection for the engine and cooling system. In a circulating cooling system, the flow pathways, radiator and pump are comprised of a variety of metals susceptible to corrosion, wear, cavitation and fouling or plugging from deposits or precipitates caused by incompatible chemistries. The coolant testing laboratory at Southwest Research Institute evaluates coolant formulas to ensure they resist harmful impacts without compromising heat transfer function.
Engine Coolant Testing Services
Physical and chemical property requirements along with performance criteria for concentrate and predilute coolants are described in ASTM D3306, the standard specification for glycol base engine coolant for automobile and light-duty service. Coolants used in heavy-duty service are tested under ASTM D6210. SwRI’s coolant testing lab routinely runs 14 benchtop and rig tests comprising ASTM D3306 and related D6210 tests.
ASTM D3306 Coolant Testing
SwRI performs the following ASTM D3306 light-duty coolant specification tests.
ASTM D3306 Light-Duty Coolant Specificiation Tests
D5931 – Relative Density
D1121 – Reserve Alkalinity
D1177 – Freezing Point
D1882 – Effect on Automotive Finish
D1120 – Boiling Point
D1384 – Corrosion in Glassware
D1119 – Ash Content
D2570 – Simulated Service
D1287 – pH
D4340 – Corrosion of Cast Aluminum Alloys
D5827 – Chloride by Ion Chromatography
D1881 – Foaming
D1123 – Water Content
D2809 – Cavitation-Erosion
ASTM D6210 Coolant Testing
SwRI offers heavy-duty ASTM 6210 coolant testing, which includes the 14 tests under ASTM D3306 in addition to procedures related to concentrations of nitrite and molybdate.
Related Coolant Testing Services
SwRI offers other analytical solutions and services related to coolants and heat transfer fluids, such as thermal conductivity (ASTM D7896) and specific heat capacity testing (ASTM E1269). We perform ASTM D7583, the on-engine John Deere Engine Coolant Cavitation Test. Related testing includes:
ASTM E202M – Glycol Content
FTM 2540C – Dissolved Solids in Coolant
ASTM D7896 – Thermal Conductivity
ASTM E1269 – Specific Heat Capacity
ASTM D7583 – John Deere Cavitation Test
ASTM D7304 Determination of Denatonium Ion in Engine Coolant by HPLC